Pregnancy week by week

Baby

Toddler

Week 14 of Pregnancy


This week you may find that the side effects of pregnancy start to fade. The second trimester often referred as the “honeymoon period” is often the best time to travel. Your waist line will now start to expand and you will start gaining more weight. Hormonal changes may cause mood swings. If you are feeling anxious, worrying too much, or you find that you are too emotional, just try to relax. Emotional changes are normal, and they are the result of raging hormones in your body. Try discussing your feelings with a close friend, family member, or your hubby. You can also share your feelings with other mums to be by joining our due date club.



Your body

You will still be adjusting to all the changes your body is going through. Bladder pressure tends to lessen now, which means you may have to make fewer trips to the bath room. You may be forgetful, feeling what some women call the “fog” of pregnancy. You can also face problems due to constipation. Your doctor will advise you to increase your vegetable intake. If the problem is not addressed immediately, it can result in haemorrhoids later in pregnancy. Pregnancy alters your immune system and makes you prone to infections like colds and flu.

You must be due for your next check up. At every visit, the doctor will be checking your blood pressure, urine, and weight. Your waist may be a bit fuller. This is due to the uterus growing upwards and causing the belly to start showing more. At 14 weeks, your uterus is just above the pubic bone. Your doctor can now measure the baby’s fundal height that is the distance from the top of the uterus towards the pelvic bone. This form of measurement roughly corresponds to the pregnancy week and aids in the reaffirmation of one’s due date.

Weight gain during pregnancy should be slow and steady. The weight gain at this stage is due to increase in blood volume, water retention, increasing breast size, placenta and the amniotic fluid.  The amount of weight you should gain depends on your weight and BMI (body mass index) before pregnancy. Recommended total weight gain ranges for singleton pregnancies are:
  • If your pre-pregnancy BMI was low (BMI<19.8), meaning you were underweight; you should gain 12.5-18 kg (28-40 pounds) throughout your pregnancy.
     
  • If your pre-pregnancy BMI was normal (BMI 19.8-26), meaning you were normal weight; you should gain 11.5-16 kg (25-35 pounds) throughout your pregnancy.

  • If your pre-pregnancy BMI was high (BMI 26-29), meaning you were overweight; you should gain 7-11.5 kg (15-25 pounds) throughout your pregnancy.

  • If your pre-pregnancy BMI was very high (BMI>29), meaning you were obese; you should gain less than 7 kg (<15 pounds) during your pregnancy.

  • The range for women with twins is 16-20 kg or 35-45 pounds.

BMI is calculated as weight in kg divided by height in metre square (weight in kg/height in m2).

If you had a healthy weight before pregnancy, you should ideally gain 1-4.5 pounds during the first trimester. Approximately, 1-2 pounds per week in the second trimester and approximately, 1-2 pounds per week in the third trimester.



Your baby




















Your baby measures about 8 to 9 cm. She is about the size of half a banana. With every passing day, your baby’s tiny body is becoming more proportional. The baby’s head still accounts for half of your child’s total length, but the body is beginning to catch up. The neck has begun to elongate, and the chin will start to rise up off the chest. The thyroid starts functioning due to maturity of thyroid glands. Your baby’s organs are more established now and the heart rate is twice as fast as your own. Your baby can now bend her fingers and clench her fists. This week your baby’s vocal cords will be forming. Hair will also be growing, on the head and eyebrows. The chin starts forming. Muscles are also beginning to work this week, as a result, your baby will now be able to frown, squint, grasp and grimace. The bladder will begin to function and your baby will start to pass urine while still inside the amniotic fluid. The intestines are producing meconium (which is the waste that will make up his first bowel movement after birth).


Remember


The placenta allows most substances from the mother’s blood stream to cross over into the baby’s blood stream. This includes alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, medications, drugs, and viruses which can affect the growth and development of the baby. Therefore, you have to be very cautious about what you eat. You must always consult your doctor before taking any over the counter medicines especially, cough and cold medications.



FAQs

1) Is it normal for my skin to get patchy and darker?

Skin changes during pregnancy affect every woman differently. Women who have darker skin may notice a dark brown that runs down the middle of the abdomen. This is called linea nigra. Another common condition is known as mask or pregnancy (chloasma). On light skinned woman it appears as a patchy brown mark on the face while, in dark skinned women it shows up as a lighter discolouration.

These changes are brought on by pregnancy hormones. They may also cause darkening of moles or freckles. These changes will return to normal few months after delivery.


<< Week 13

>> Week 15

Back to Calendar

 



We are Discussing...

Recent Posts