Pregnancy week by week

Baby

Toddler

Week 15 of Pregnancy


By now you must be getting used to being pregnant. You could feel in an “in between” state around now- too large for your ordinary clothes, not ready for maternity clothes. Looking after yourself in pregnancy includes choosing the right clothes, exercising, travelling safely and eating right. Here are some tips to get you started:


Travelling safely in the car

You can keep driving when you are pregnant. Never travel in a car without a seat belt. Make sure the lap belt is secured under your bump and across your pelvis. Adjust the shoulder belt so that it goes over the top of your bump and between your breasts. Don’t put the belt across your bump. It is okay to sit in a seat fitted with a driver’s airbag while you are pregnant, as long as you move your seat well back from the dashboard or steering wheel.


Eating right

Since nutritional deficiencies are common in pregnancy it is essential that you include extra supplements such as prenatal vitamins in your diet. Always consult your doctor before taking any supplements. Keep yourself hydrated by drinking lots of water and juices. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables as they help in boosting the immune system. Take calcium for strong bones and teeth. Milk, yoghurt, cheese, almonds, and sesame seeds are good sources of calcium. Include iron rich food in your diet to combat tiredness and for sufficient blood production. All meat and fish are good sources of iron. Non- meat sources are breakfast cereals, wholemeal bread, lentils, green vegetables and dried fruits. Zinc is important for growth and health and it can be found in nuts, seeds, meat, cheese, eggs and milk. Take Vitamin B 2 rich food for healthy skin and eyes. Good sources of vitamin B2 are almonds, fortified breakfast cereals, eggs, cheese, meat, and mushrooms.  Nuts, fish, lean meats and poultry are other good dietary options. Refer to our section on pregnancy nutrition to read more.


Coping at work

If you need to stand for long periods at work, try these tips to keep as comfortable as possible:
  • Stand with knees relaxed
     
  • Try to stand upright- no slouching!

  • Keep your weight evenly distributed

  • Wear comfortable shoes and clothes

  • Move as much as possible- it helps to avoid stiffness and gets your circulation working well

  • Take regular breaks


Regular exercise

It is important to start with an exercise program if you have not done so already. Always consult your doctor before starting an exercise routine. Exercise and proper nutrition will help ensure that your body systems maintain proper function, and will also prevent constipation, muscle aches, weight gain and other troublesome problems. Swimming and walking are two great ways to get in shape while not being too hard on your body. Regular exercise will also keep a check on excessive weight gain. Exercise also decreases the strain on the back and various joints while keeping them flexible, thus reducing pain and discomfort. Refer to our section on pregnancy fitness to read more.



Your body

Your cardiac output will increase by 20% to supply your baby with oxygen. This volume will increase in the coming months and towards the end of your pregnancy cardiac output would have increased by 30-50%. This week you may start noticing that your abdomen is more bloated then before. Your uterus is starting to rise past your hip bone making your bump visible to others.

You may start to notice leucorrhea, a thin, mild smelling milky vaginal discharge that protects the birth canal from infection and keeps the vagina in a healthy balance. This harmless discharge is likely to increase in the coming weeks, so keep plenty of panty liners in stock. Some other symptoms you may experience are stuffy nose, increase in libido and excess salivation. As the pregnancy progresses, there is the possibility of developing urinary tract infection. Hence, it is important to go for your routine check up throughout your pregnancy. You can prevent the risk of infection by drinking plenty of water and maintain basic hygiene. Refer to our section on second trimester symptoms to learn what to expect in the coming weeks.

This is a good time to start talking to your baby. Your little one can hear some sounds from the outside world, such as your voice. Consider reading a book, or simply having a conversation with your baby about what you are doing.



Your baby















This week the umbilical cord that connects you to your baby is not only lengthening but also becoming thicker and stronger. It provides the link through which your baby receives blood and nutrients. During this week, the heart and kidneys will have the most development to undergo. The heart will branch off to the different chambers, and begin pumping blood through the circulatory system. Lungs have begun to develop; the amniotic fluid is moved through the nose and respiratory tract of the baby facilitating primitive air sacs in the lungs to develop.

Around this time, your baby will start producing lanugo, which is fine hair that will cover every part of your baby in utero. Typically babies will shed this hair by the eight month of pregnancy, but it can persist in some newborns for a short period of time. The bones in your baby’s body are also starting to get harder and will continue to do so throughout your pregnancy. This is called ossification. Even though the eyelids of baby are closed but they can sense light. Taste buds start forming this week.


Remember

Remember, the back seat is the safest place to travel in any car. If you are involved in any kind of car accident, even a minor knock, watch out carefully for any contractions, pain or bleeding afterwards. If you notice any of those signs, see a doctor as soon as possible. Also let the doctors know if you are rhesus- negative, as you may need to have an injection.



FAQs

1) What should I be eating if I am a vegetarian? Do I need to start eating non vegetarian food during pregnancy?

You can have a very healthy pregnancy without eating non vegetarian food. But you need to make sure that you are eating enough protein rich food like pulses, beans, tofu, milk, cheese, and, yoghurt. You need to take iron rich food such as green leafy vegetables, dried apricots and lentils. If you are still worried about the quality of your diet, talk to your doctor or nutritionist.


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