Pregnancy week by week

Baby

Toddler

Week 19 of Pregnancy


This week you may start to feel tired, weak or exhausted. All the extra weight you are carrying around will tire you easily and cause shortness of breath. Listen to your body and take a break. Sometimes it could be a symptom of anaemia. Eat more of iron rich foods like spinach. Take vitamin C to help absorb iron better. You don’t have to eat a green leafy vegetable every time you feel peckish, but opting for a wise choice will be good for your baby, and for you.
  • If you feel like eating a biscuit: try an apple, orange, banana, grapes instead
     
  • If you feel like having a packet of crisps: try some dry fruits or cereal bar

  • If you like some sweets: try a small packet of raisins

  • If you want a fizzy drink: try having fruit juice



Your body



Your uterus will now be about ½ inch below your belly button, and your weight gain at this stage should be between 3.6-6.4 kg. You will be gaining most of your pregnancy weight over the next 3 months, and you can expect an average of 0.45 kg per week until the 7th month of your pregnancy.

All that added weight will cause back ache. You may also experience shooting pains in your legs, especially at night when you are trying to sleep. As the expanding tissues in your body press against nerves, you may experience some tingling and numbness in your extremities. You may be feeling some achiness in your lower abdomen caused by stretching of the ligaments that support your uterus.

You could feel light-headed or actually faint especially when you stand up suddenly, kneel or squat. This is due to direct effect of the hormones of pregnancy. Your body is using up extra energy, too, and this can also cause the faintness. Don’t go for too long without eating. Try a cheese sandwich, a piece of fruit, or a glass of milk, but steer clear of sugary foods which could make the problem worse. Be extra careful when rising from a bed or chair. You may also notice tiny bright red bumps known as spider nevi, appearing on your body. Not to worry, they are just dilated blood vessels and will a
lso be gone shortly after you deliver. Sometime during your second trimester, you may also develop melasma (also known as pregnancy mask). These brown spots of hyper-pigmentation usually across cheeks and bridge of the nose are related to raging hormones but are exacerbated by the sun. Most often it fades after delivery.

You will have more of those baby flutters. Every time you feel those flutters you will be excited.



Your baby

Your baby weighs app. 250 grams and is about 15 to 19 cm long. The motor neurons between the muscles and the brain are connecting, giving him control over his movements, so he kicks, rolls, and stretches whenever he feels like it. This is a crucial time for sensory development too. Your baby’s brain is designating specialized areas for smell, taste, hearing, vision, and touch. Your baby has a heartbeat much faster than your own. He is breathing amniotic fluid. Your baby is increasingly using his hands and feet to explore his surroundings. All limbs have an unobstructed and full range of movements and the finger tips are especially very sensitive. Most of his movements at this stage are reflex responses. Your baby is extremely flexible at this time and is likely to bring one or both his feet to his mouth. Around this week, your baby starts to produce its first bowel movement called meconium. Most babies pass meconium in the first days after birth. Although meconium is normal, it can be dangerous if babies pass their first bowel movement in utero.his arms and legs are now properly proportioned. If you are having a girl, her ovaries now contain primitive egg cells.

Your baby’s kidneys will continue to produce urine. Hair will continue to sprout on your baby’s scalp. Your baby will continue to sleep. Most of the baby’s growing is done while it is sleeping. Permanent teeth buds are forming behind the already formed milk teeth buds. Growth becomes rapid now and your baby begins to store iron for the production of red blood cells. Your baby can even dream (REM sleep)


Remember

Relax with yoga! Yoga is an excellent way to keep yourself fit and to relax. One of the first things you learn in a yoga class is how to breathe fully and evenly. This can help you reduce stress throughout pregnancy and also gives you a technique for coping with labour. Other ways to relieve stress are meditation, counselling, stress reduction classes.



FAQs

1) Why is it recommended to sleep on your side when pregnant?

It is important that you stop sleeping on your back or stomach around 20 weeks of pregnancy. This is because by this time the uterus is big enough to compress the large veins in the back of your abdomen. This can decrease the venous return to the heart and your blood pressure can drop. Consequently, the blood flow to the uterus and baby may decrease.  Therefore, it is advisable to sleep on your sides once you are midway through your pregnancy.


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