Pregnancy week by week



1 year old


Congratulations! Your baby is now a toddler.
Everything is new and interesting to one-year-olds. They enthusiastically use their five senses to actively explore the world around them. They find pleasure in causing things to happen and in completing basic tasks. And once a discovery is made, one-year-olds want to make it happen again and again and again!
Your child will undergo the remarkable transformation from infant to toddler at the age of one. Everything is new and exciting at this age and toddlers take interest in experimenting with cause-and-effect activites like endlessly opening and closing drawers. The ability to walk and eventually run gives children endless new ways to explore the world around them. Here are some typical milestones you may see at the end of 12 months:

Social and Emotional development

  • Is shy or nervous with strangers

  • Plays games such as “peek-a-boo” and “pat-a-cake”

  • Shows fear in strange situations
  •  Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story

  • Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing

  • Tests parental responses to behavior

  • Shows affection

  • Dances to music

  • Prefers to push, pull and dump items

  • Shares toys but wants them back

  •  Will assert independence and insist upon feeding herself
Language and Communication skills
  •  Understands simple sentences and instructions

  • Uses simple gestures, like shaking head “no” or waving “bye-bye”

  • Imitates sounds, such as the sounds dogs and cats make

  • Recognizes objects by name

  • Says three or more words other than “mama” or “dada” with meaning

  • Comprehends the meaning of several words and phrases “where is your shoe?”

  • Babbles short sentences that only she understands.

  • Responds to simple spoken requests

  • Makes sounds with changes in tone (sounds more like speech)

  • The average number of words for a 12 month old is three. He may say parts of words such as “ba” for ball.

  • Follows simple directions like “pick up the toy”

  • May kiss on request 

Cognitive skills

  • Explores objects in different ways, like shaking, banging, throwing

  • Egocentric pretend play (e.g., pretends to drink from cup)

  •  Looks at the right picture or thing when it’s named

  • Finds hidden things easily

  • Follows simple directions like “pick up the toy”

  • Copies gestures

  • Understands use of certain objects, for example, drinks from a cup, brushes hair, dialing phone

  • Connects names with objects

  • Bangs two things together

  •  Points to objects with index finger (pointing)

  • Shows interest in picture book.

  • Mouthing almost stopped

  • Beginning to throw objects to floor ( casting)

      Physical development

  • Pulls up to stand, walks holding onto  furniture (cruising)

  •  May take a few steps without holding on

  • May stand alone

  • Has fun opening and closing cabinet doors

  • Walks one hand held

  •  Bangs two cubes together

  • May shuffle on buttock and hand

  • Puts objects into containers and then take them out

  •  Bend over to pick up objects

  • Turns pages of book, many pages at a time

  • Enjoys throwing balls

  •  Have a pincer grasp

  • Can twist round to pick up object.

Developmental watch

  • Does not crawl

  • Cannot stand when supported

  • Does not search for objects that are hidden while he watches

  • Says no single words (mama or dada)
  • Does not learn to use gestures, such as waving or shaking head

  • Does not point to objects or pictures

  • Loses skills he once had

Recommended activities

  • Shape sorters: simple posting and sorting games which encourage him to match shapes or increase his dexterity

  •  Activity toys: toys with buttons to press or turn that make sounds so he can learn that doing one thing leads to another thing happening

  • Bath toys: now he can sit unsupported he will enjoy filling and tipping water from a container and watch it splash

  •  He will enjoy peek-a-boo, where you hide behind your hands for a second or two and then pop out smiling. This game helps him to realize that even when he can’t see you, you are still there. Later he will try the same trick on you.



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