Pregnancy week by week



Baby skin care

A baby’s skin can be oily or dry, sensitive and easily irritated. If using soap when washing your baby, make sure it is a ph neutral baby soap. Follow these tips for banishing rashes.


Many babies develop some sort of rash in their first year. Most disappear without treatment, but if one persists, try to find the cause: is it soap, a washing powder or a fabric conditioner you are using that could be responsible. Try switching brands to see. If your baby has eczema, ask your doctor advice about a suitable product to protect and soothe your baby’s skin

                                                      Cradle cap


You may notice something that looks a bit like dandruff; flaky skin or a yellowish crust underneath the hair on your baby’s scalp. This is cradle cap. It’s very common, no special treatment is needed, and it will disappear. Don’t be tempted into picking it or trying to brush it off- you could pull your baby’s hair out or cause an infection.

You can soften the cradle cap by massaging a teaspoon of almond oil or olive oil into his scalp, leaving it for an hour when washing his hair. This may remove the cradle cap for a while.

Occasionally, it may look unsightly. To treat, apply petroleum jelly or vegetable oil and, if necessary, leave overnight. Wash off using a mild shampoo. Your baby’s skin may become over-dry if you bathe them too much, so try to avoid this. If the cradle cap becomes severe or brownish-red, check with your doctor as it may need treatment.

                                                       Dry skin

A new baby’s skin may be dry and even a bit scaly. Use a soothing, non-allergenic lotion or natural baby oil to keep her skin soft and smooth. Trim her nails to stop her scratching. Keep her bedroom cool as heat increases the itchiness. If her skin looks weepy, blistered or crusty, consult your doctor.

                                           Sweat rash or prickly heat

This appears as tiny red spots, blisters and red skin caused by blocked sweat glands. Give your baby a cool bath and dress them in lightweight, cotton clothes. Calamine lotion can also help.

                                                  Milk spots (milia)

These are numerous yellow-white tiny raised bumps most commonly seen on the forehead, nose, upper lip, and cheeks of full term babies. They usually disappear in the first week after birth. This is due to an over-activity of the oily glands in the new baby’s skin. It does not require any treatment. If however, large pustules, blisters, or areas of weeping skin are noted, consult your doctor.


Sometimes a nappy rash can turn into a fungal infection known as thrush. The skin will appear bright red and moist with white or red pimples in the folds. This can easily be treated with an anti-fungal cream.  Babies can also get oral thrush, which appears as white spots in the mouth. If baby has oral thrush and you are breastfeeding, you will also need cream for your nipples to prevent cross-infection. If you think your baby has thrush, you should consult your doctor.


Although fair skinned babies are more at risk of sunburn, all babies have sensitive skin and darker skinned children are still at risk. So make sure you protect your baby by keeping them in the shade and using appropriate sunscreen, even on overcast days.

Your baby needs to be kept cool and out of direct sunlight in the summer. A baby’s skin burns very easily, so keep your baby in the shade. Keep your baby cool as babies overheat quickly.

Never leave a sleeping baby in the car. They can overheat even in a few minutes. Use a sun protection cream made for babies, and sit your baby in the shade.




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