Pregnancy week by week

Baby

Toddler

Two years old


 

 

Your two year old enjoy uses his senses and motor skills to explore the world and is highly curious about unfamiliar objects, events and phenomena. He can solve simple problems with the "trial and error" method and will practice an activity many times to master it. His drive for independence is strong and it is responsible for the toddler's dramatic advances in mental and physical skills during this year. At the age of two, children finally shed their last vestiges of babyhood and truly transition into childhood. Here are some typical milestones you may see in your two year old child:


Social and Emotional development
  • Gets excited when with other children

  • Can help with picking up and putting away toys

  • Wraps up a baby doll or stuffed toy in a blanket and put them to bed

  • Puts on shoes, socks, pants and takes off shoes and socks.

  • Emerging fears of things such as thunder, lightning and the dark.

  • Enjoys following siblings and copying them

  • Expresses love for parents by kissing and hugging them

  • Shows more and more independence

  • Shows defiant behavior (doing what he has been told not to)

  • Plays mainly beside other children but not with them (parallel play), but is beginning to include other children, such as in chase games.

  • Should have the first 16 teeth (though the number may vary widely)

  • Handles spoon well; often tells immediate experiences; helps to undress

  • Listens to stories with pictures

  • Increasing episodes of separation anxiety toward midyear, then they fade.

Language and Communication skills

  • Points to objects or pictures when they are named

  • Has a vocabulary of 50-300 words

  • Knows names of familiar people, objects,  and body parts

  • Understands many more words than they speak

  • Starts referring to herself by name

  • Will be able to point to 4 body parts or more (hair, eyes, nose)

  • May now ask for some things by name. For example, cookie, milk, or drink.

  • Uses “I”, “ me”, “you”

  • Repeats words overheard in conversation

  • Talks incessantly

  • Able to communicate needs such as thirst, hunger, need to use the restroom

  • Join two three words in sentences, other than in imitation.

  • Understand 2 step instructions (give me the ball and then get your shoes) or pick up the book and put it on the shelf

Cognitive Skills

  • Finds things even when hidden under two or three covers

  • Begins to sort shapes and colours

  • Completes sentences and rhymes in familiar books

  • Plays simple make-believe games

  • Names items in a picture book such as a cat, bird, or dog

  • Selects and uses a toy appropriately like feeding a doll

  • Increased attention span

  Physical development

  • Stands on tiptoe

  • Runs with better coordination, although the stance may still be wide

  • Runs, kicks a ball without losing balance

  • Throws ball overhand

  • Pick up objects while standing without losing balance

  • Jumps off the floor with both feet

  • Goes up and down stairs alone, two feet per step.

  • Walks backward in imitation

  • Turns door knob, unscrews lids on jars

  • Can wash and dry hands

  • Loves the feeling of being pushed on swings

  • Shows an interest in putting shapes such as circles, squares and triangles into a shape foam board puzzle

  • Uses a spoon and cup well

  • Turns pages one page at a time

  • Can build a tower of 6 to 7 cubes

  • Imitates train of cubes, without adding chimney

  • Circular scribbling; imitates vertical and horizontal stroke

  Developmental watch

  • Cannot walk by 18 months

  • Doesn’t walk steadily
     
  • Does not speak at least 15 words by 18 months

  • Does not use two word sentences by age 2 (drink milk)

  • Doesn’t point to show things to others

  • Doesn’t know what familiar things are for

  • Doesn’t copy others

  • Doesn’t gain new words

  • Doesn’t have at least 6 words

  • Loses skills he once had


Recommended activities

  • Encourage and provide the necessary space for physical activity

  • Encourage play that involves building and creativity

  • Provide safe copies of adult tools and equipment

  • Control both the content and quantity of television viewing. Limit television viewing to fewer than 3 hours per day, and preferably 1 hour or less. Avoid progammes with violent content.  Redirect the child to reading or play activities.

  • Allow the child to help around the house and participate in the daily family responsibilities

  • Use picture books to enrich your child’s vocabulary. Reading books to your child will help with language development

  • Playmates are important, so allow your child to experience playing with peers. This can be accomplished in a preschool, play group or just having child of similar age over for a few hours. Do not expect sharing at this age.

  • Make believe toys: imitating and pretend play will encourage language skills, thinking through and social skills. Toy versions of adult household tools are fun but toddlers are usually happy to use imaginary props or to borrow yours- you will need to check for safety first

  • Role play toys: toys which allow your toddler to be in charge of his world. For example, a bus with people to put in and take out, a doll to put in a buggy, a few plastic plates and cups to feed the teddies.

  • Crayons: wax crayons are easy to grip and they make a mark no matter how they are held. Initially your toddler will grab a crayon on his fist and make lines from side to side. Up and down lines, dots and circles all come later.

  • Balls: large soft balls to kick or throw. A beach ball or foam ball is ideal. Just as with everything else, the more fun practice he has, the quicker he will develop his skills


 

 



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